Good to know for future RYA Yacht Masters

Some tips good to know for those who plan to pass the RYA Yacht Master exam ( Tenerife or any other place )

  1. Two or three days would probably be needed to adopt sea seekness.
  2. In terms of preparation test the echo sounder when you are in marina. It will be good to notice from what level  it shows the depth (use line).
  3. When the examiner comes on the boat first time he expects to be given instructions on safety. RYA is very anxious about safety on board.
  4. Do not forget to demonstrate the boat preparation WOBLED (Water Oil Bilge Belt Leaks Exhaust Diesel fuel).
  5. You will be asked to plan the passage at night time. Just note that the bearings for navigation lights  at the entrance to marinas on Tenerife (in other places either) probably cannot be used for  visual navigation purposes because they can clearly be seen at night from the distances 1 nm or less. Use the lighthouse lights, beacons in the sea instead. Use the equal depth lines. Use the logged distance made through water.
  6. You will be asked to bring the yacht under sails  to the mooring buoy in the sea. Good practice would be in approaching the buoy on the mainsail only using the technique «main in — main out». That can be done as follows: approach the buoy from the course that makes the mainsail flap in the wind when the main sheet eased completely. One person from your crew manually pulls the main sheet or ease the main sheet following the helmsman commands «main in» or «main out» accordingly. No winch is used in that case. That technique allows slowly approaching the target using the mainsail power and stopping the boat when needed. The same technique could be used for both cases: approaching the mooring buoy and approaching the man over board (MOB). Consider approaching to the mooring buoy from windward (easy), approaching to MOB from the leeward (not that easy). Success criteria: when approached the mooring buoy the speed of the boat should be less than 1 kt.
  7. You might be asked to demonstrate the skills of approaching and saving MOB when sailing in close reach direction. When the yacht is making way under sails in close reach direction it will be good to use «heave to» technique combined with the engine power to bring the boat to MOB with the leeward side. Success criteria: when approached the MOB the speed of the boat should be less than 1 kt.   heaveto2
  8. You might be asked to demonstrate the skills of approaching and saving MOB when sailing in beam reach or broad reach or dead run directions. When the yacht is making way under sails in beam reach, broad reach, dead run directions it will be good to drop the headsail and approach to MOB using the main sail power («main in — main out» technique) or approach using the engine power. Close to MOB the engine should be switched to neutral. Success criteria: when approached the MOB the speed of the boat should be less than 1 kt.
  9. Question: what would be your actions if you discover the MOB to be unconscious? The right answer — call distress (MAY DAY).
  10. Theory knowledge check: YM shore based will be given the task to prepare the passage plan between two secondary ports along the UK coast line (English Channel).
  11. Theory knowledge check: YM offshore will be given the task to prepare the passage plan between two secondary ports crossing the English Channel.
  12. Sailing skills: when sailing down the wind for long way — put preventers from both sides (boards). RYA do not like accidental jybe! And RYA like very much when preventers are rigged! RYA is concentrated on safety!
  13. Do not switch VHF to channel 16 when the boat did not leave the marina! In the harbor/marina the VHF should be on the channel of the harbor/marina. When in the sea switch the VHF to channel 16.
  14. RYA YM offshore candidates will probably be asked to demonstrate the blind navigation skills. When planning the blind passage use 3 kt speed through water — that gives you 2 cables way per minute. Use echo sounder and compass and you will be fine.
  15. Question: is it required to have the watch (men on duty) tonight even when the boat is on anchor in the safe harbour? The correct answer: yes the watch should  always be tonight if the boat is not warped ashore.

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